Archive for April, 2017

Primary Batteries For Rfid Applications}

Wednesday, April 26th, 2017

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Submitted by: Battery Love

Contour Energys primary batteries deliver world-class performance where it counts most. Power and energy density. Longevity. Durability. And service life. Now available in cylindrical and coin cell form factors rivaling the performance of leading name brands. From RFID to life-enhancing medical applications, Contour delivers the next-generation of portable power.

Over the last decade, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology has gained popularity due to its application in tracking mobile objects besides providing a means for wireless data transmission without human intervention.Typical RFID applications include asset tracking, manufacturing, retailing, toll payment, wild-life tracking, security and access control.

What is RFID?

earth Primary Batteries for RFID Applications

In an RFID system, data that is transmitted by a mobile or portable device is received by a reader and then processed by the specific application. The device that transmits RFID data is known as an RFID tag or transponder. The data is transmitted as radio waves and it is unique to the tagged object such as product details, location of the object or its identification. The concept is similar to optically scanning a bar code label, except that in RFID the data is transmitted using radio waves.

RFID tags can be passive (without a battery) or active (powered by a battery). Passive RFID tags work well over small distances. Shops commonly use passive RFID tags in the form of stickers that are attached to merchandise to prevent shop lifting.

Battery powered RFID tags have advanced features and they can transmit and receive data over large distances. They are common in RFID applications where mobility is a requirement.

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cr2032 Primary Batteries for RFID Applications

RFID solutions use non-rechargeable batteries that are also known as primary batteries. The battery requirements for RFID depend on the power requirements of the application, the operating environment, portability, size, weight and battery cost.

The most significant battery characteristics to consider when comparing primary battery types for RFID are the specific energy, energy density, voltage across the battery terminals when it is at full capacity and not supplying any current (i.e., open circuit voltage), lifespan of the battery, its continuous and pulse current capacity and the temperature range in which the battery can operate.

Lithium has been the most popular choice of material for primary RFID batteries because it is very light, non-gaseous and has a high negative potential. Lithium batteries have the highest specific energy and energy density in comparison with other types of primary batteries. Additionally, lithium batteries have a very wide operating temperature range.

The most common primary lithium batteries used for RFID tags today are Lithium/Manganese Dioxide, Lithium/Thionyl chloride, Lithium/Polycarbon Monofluoride and Lithium/CFx.

Lithium/Manganese Dioxide (Li/MnO2)

The low cost Li/MnO2 batteries have an operating temperature range of -20C to 60C. They are environmentally safe, have a high energy density and an open circuit voltage of about 3V. These batteries can maintain a fairly constant discharge voltage and can be stored safely for 5-10 years as they have low self-discharge. Since the minimum operating voltage of the electronics in RFID tags is 3V, at least two Li/MnO2 cells must be connected in series to ensure reliable operation. This adds to the weight and cost of the RFID tag and also impacts its reliability.

Li/MnO2 batteries are not suitable for RFID applications that require spiral shaped cathodes, because the adjacent layers of the cathode can come in contact with each other in the event of shocks or vibrations, and render the battery unusable.

Lithium/Thionyl Chloride (Li/SOCl2)

Li/SOCl2 batteries have an operating temperature range between -55C to 150C, high pulse power capability and a long shelf life of 10 to 15 years. They have a high open circuit voltage of 3.6V. For most RFID tag applications a single Li/SOCl2 battery is sufficient as long as it can maintain the voltage above 3.0V. Additionally, Li/SOCl2 batteries can deliver low continuous current as well as moderate pulse currents that RFID tag applications require. However, this type of battery suffers from passivation, generates toxic waste and is unsafe because of pressure build up during sustained high discharge.

Passivation is the phenomenon in lithium batteries wherein a layer of lithium chloride forms on the surface of the lithium anode. This layer prevents the battery from self-discharging when it is unused. However, when this type of battery is used in a circuit, the layer of lithium chloride causes the battery voltage to dip before rising to a peak value and then stabilizing. The dip in battery voltage can significantly impact the performance of the RFID tag.

Lithium/Polycarbon Monofluoride (Li/(CF)n)

The energy density and operating temperature range of Li/(CF)n batteries is similar to that of Li/MnO2 batteries. Li/(CF)n batteries have a longer shelf life, are reliable, stable and relatively safe to operate. However, they perform poorly at lower or elevated temperatures.

Lithium/Carbon Fluoride (Li/CFx)

Advancements in lithium battery manufacturing technology have resulted in production of Lithium/Carbon Fluoride (Li/CFx) batteries that have higher energy densities, higher reliability and stability, wider operating temperatures and relatively low self discharge, and are environmentally friendly. Another major advantage of the Li/CFx battery is that it delivers higher power density and maximum safe current without the problems exhibited by the other types of lithium batteries.

coincells Primary Batteries for RFID Applications

More significantly, the cathode in the Li/CFx batteries developed by Contour can be customized to meet application specific requirements, thereby changing the batterys properties to deliver optimum performance in the context of the specific application.

This new technology will address many existing and emerging application requirements.

Tags: primary batteries,Lithium batteries,primary lithium batteries.

About the Author: Dongguan Large Electronic Co., Ltd is one of the biggest professional lithium battery application supplier in mainland China that always committed to serving industrial users.pls visit

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Austrian police find dozens dead inside lorry

Wednesday, April 26th, 2017

Thursday, August 27, 2015

Austrian police today found an estimated 20–50 decomposing corpses in an apparently abandoned lorry.

Roadworkers who spotted the vehicle, which had been there since yesterday at least, alerted police. Responding officers found it full of corpses. The lorry is on the so-called “Eastern Motorway”, the A4, close to the Hungarian border. It was on the hard shoulder between Neusiedl and Parndorf, closer to Parndorf.

The victims are thought to have suffocated. Police are seeking the driver. The Krone published an image of a non-articulated food lorry on the hard shoulder, which they report is the vehicle in question. The photo shows a pool of dark liquid on the ground beside the vehicle.

Video from a passing motorist shows at least one helicopter on-scene. The truck, which has pictures of meat on the side, shows branding for Slovakian food firm Hyza. Earlier today the company’s website sported an apparent anti-immigration graphic, which has since been removed.

Wikinews got in touch with Hyza. “We are truly sorry about [the] tragedy” they told us in a statement. They said they have checked GPS trackers on their fleet and all their vehicles remain in Slovakia. The statement says the lorry in question was one of 21 Hyza vehicles sold on last year. It was then sold again and exported to Hungary, where it is now registered. Hyza told us the new owners have not changed the branding on the vehicle. According to the Bild newspaper, Agrofert — the parent company of Hyza — said in a statement the new owners were required to do so.

Hyza says they will “actively cooperate with Slovak police”, and “express [their] sincere condolences to the bereaved families.”

Interior Minister Johanna Mikl-Leitner called it “a dark day” and called for European Union-wide measures to protect immigrant refugees and tackle human traffickers. Neighbouring Hungary is constructing a border fence across its entire frontier with Serbia. Yesterday alone saw a record 3,241 attempts to enter Hungary illegally, according to authorities there.

Conflict in Syria and other parts of the world has led refugees to Europe. Once inside, they can move freely inside the Schengen Area, which covers most of the EU.

Austrian police earlier this week arrested three motorists suspected of people smuggling. One driver is accused of moving 34 people, ten of them children, into Austria from Serbia. The group were left by the roadside near Bruck an der Leitha and reported struggling to breathe in the van.

Icelandic government passes Icesave deal; €12,000 debt per citizen

Wednesday, April 26th, 2017

Thursday, December 31, 2009

The Icelandic Prime Minister Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir and her coalition government narrowly escaped a commitment to resign as a €3.8 billion bill to repay British and Dutch savers following the collapse of Icesave online banking passed. The vote margin was only three votes.

Only a matter of hours before the anticipated final vote, Wikileaks announced the disclosure of one of 23 documents suppressed by the Icelandic Minister of Finance: an apparent legal summary of meetings between Icelandic and EU representatives held in Brussels in November 2008. The leaked document discusses the then-assessed liabilities of Iceland at 60% of GDP, considerably higher than the reported 40% which repaying Icesave deposit holders entails.

Amongst the other details in the report is emphasis of the deep-seated anger of the Icelandic people at the situation around the financial collapse, particularly the UK’s use of anti-terrorism legislation in its approach to the country’s banks. Iceland’s interpretation of the situation, and its financial treaty obligations with the EU, considered foreign deposits lost through force majeure. All 27 EU members disagreed with Iceland’s interpretation and Peter Mandelson, although he resigned from the Barroso Commission in October, presented the legal position that Iceland could not pass legislation that did not ensure treaty-mandated minimum balance returns from failed Icelandic banks.

Leaked private communication from Ingibjörg Sólrún Gísladóttir, Iceland’s then-foreign minister, compared the potential liabilities the country faced with the reparations imposed on Germany by the Treaty of Versailles in the wake of World War I.

Three banks failed in the financial crisis: Kaupthing, Glitnir, and Landsbanki. As the list of creditors emerged it was found that, among others, UK councils had around £900 million with the banks. Landsbanki agreed to repay the majority of funds held, giving council depositors priority status. Approximately £200 million on deposit with Glitnir is at-risk; the bank has stated the councils will be treated equally with all other creditors seeing them likely to only recover 30% of the amount Glitnir held.

Kaupthing faces other difficulties. The UK’s Serious Fraud Office began an investigation earlier this month into the bank’s UK activities. At issue are allegations savers were misled into selecting one particular account type, plus suspicious financial activity suggesting substantial amounts were moved out of the bank in the days prior to its collapse.

At present, UK councils have received little more than ten percent of their over £900 million deposits. They are among over 8,500 creditors claiming a staggering total of £20 billion. The largest single claimant is the British Depositors’ and Investors’ Guarantee Fund seeking €5 billion, and, of some note, Formula One racing team Williams claiming around £10 million in unpaid sponsorship from Glitnir who took on the liability from the Icelandic buyers of Hamleys.

This article is a featured article. It is considered one of the best works of the Wikinews community. See Wikinews:Featured articles for more information.

Debt to 84% government-owned Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) by Glitnir stands at around £500 million; much of the actual debt written off in 2008 as RBS posted £24 billion losses. Further write-offs by the bank are expected to total less than £50 million.

Icelanders resented the discovery that fifteen senior ex-employees of Landsbanki claim €14 million between them, including a single claim of €2.7 million. Suspicion exists that the banks arranged substantial interest-free loans for various of their shareholders and executives.

Today’s announcement of the Icelandic government’s agreement to pay out €3.8 billion keeps their application for EU membership on-track, although each one of the country’s 320,000 citizens effectively faces a €12,000 debt.

Disabled U.S. spy satellite to fall to Earth

Wednesday, April 26th, 2017

Sunday, January 27, 2008

An unresponsive United States reconnaissance satellite is in an uncontrolled, decaying orbit and will re-enter Earth‘s atmosphere in late February or early March.

According to Gordon Johndroe, a spokesman for the U.S. National Security Council, “Appropriate government agencies are monitoring the situation.”

The satellite is out-of-control, and therefore there is no possibility to guide it to re-entry over an ocean or unpopulated area. On the one hand, since most of the earth’s surface is water or unpopulated, death or property loss due to any falling fragments, which may result from the satellite entering the atmosphere, is statistically unlikely. On the other hand, it cannot be ruled out entirely. According to General Gene Renuart, of the United States Air Force, there is a chance that the satellite may re-enter over North America. After entering the atmosphere, some debris could possibly fall on land.

“Numerous satellites over the years have come out of orbit and fallen harmlessly. We are looking at potential options to mitigate any possible damage this satellite may cause,” said Johndroe.

Concerns have also been raised that some materials used in the satellite’s construction could be hazardous if they reach the ground. The satellite contains quantities of toxic hydrazine fuel, which is used for maneuvering, although this is likely to burn up on re-entry. Some of the optics aboard the satellite may contain beryllium, which is also toxic.

As the satellite was part of a classified U.S. military program, no other details, including its name, have been made public. The satellite is publicly identified by the codenames USA-193 and NRO L-21. It was launched in December 2006, by a Delta II rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base. Ground controllers lost contact with the satellite shortly after it reached orbit. Amateur observers had been tracking USA-193 for some time, and believed that its orbit was decaying.

Give A Dog A Bone Or Not}

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

Submitted by: Kelly Marshall

How often have you heard that you weren’t supposed to give your dog any chicken bones? If you grew up with dogs, you have probably heard it often. Horrible tales of chicken bones getting stuck in the neighbors poodle put the fear of death into your little head. It is actually true if you are discussing bones that are cooked. Cooking results in dry, brittle and splintering bones. Cooked bones are dangerous for dogs.

If you are discussing raw bones, you are talking about softer, flexible bones that a dog can digest easily. If you speak with someone who is feeding their dog raw diet, they will tell you about RMB’s, raw meaty bones. These include the edible bone that is half meat and half bone. Not only do dogs love the taste, they love chewing. Chewing on these meaty bones will help to keep teeth clean and their gums healthy. They are a nutritional addition to your dogs diet. Some good choices are chicken necks, leg quarters or backs, lamb neck and breast, pork necks and breast and chicken leg quarters.

Most dogs will not have a problem with raw bones. Some will. This is true of dogs that will not chew, but instead try to swallow big chunks of this delicacy. The least safe of the bones are round meaty bones, such as marrow bones. Turkey necks have been known to cause big dogs to choke because they love to swallow whole. Chicken necks will cause problems with small dogs.

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Your dog should always be supervised when they are eating. It will also be to your advantage to learn the Heimlich maneuver for dogs. It is plain to see that there are risks to feeding whole bones to dogs. If this is your concern, you can grind the bones or cut them into smaller pieces. Bones can also be cooked in a pressure cooker. Cooking them in a pressure cooker makes the bones save to eat. Knuckle bones are also good. The dog cannot fit them into their mouths in most cases.

The bones that are mentioned above are considered soft bones. This is the case if you are a dog. Beef bones are very hard. There is the possibility that a dog can break a tooth on a beef bone. Some may give them to their dogs for recreation, but that too can break a tooth. Extra caution needs to be shown with older dogs. As dogs age, their teeth get softer.

Small and toy dogs can have some damage to the esophagus at times. It is important to consult with people who are feeding their dog a raw homemade diet. It is also advisable to consult with your veterinarian. Reading posts on the internet can get you running in circles if you read on and on. It is best to talk to the voices of experience that are in your dog circles. Responsible dog owners and breeders are great sources of information in any aspect of keeping your dog healthy and happy.

About the Author: Kelly Marshall is a popular contributor at

ohmydogsupplies.com

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cute dog costumes for halloween

, dog steps, and more unique dog gear that you’ll never find at your local pet store.

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Firefighters rescue nearly a dozen animals in Buffalo, New York house fire

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

Friday, June 22, 2007

Buffalo, New York — A three alarm fire at a house owned by John and Evelyn Bencinich, two of the initiators of a lawsuit filed against the Elmwood Village Hotel proposal in Buffalo, required firefighters to rescue eight cats and two dogs in Buffalo, New York today.

At about 8:30 (eastern time) firefighters were called to the home on 48 Granger Place to put out a fire that had started in the basement. It quickly spread to the first floor where the main bathroom was destroyed. The fire did not spread to the second floor or attic.

Initial calls said that many animals were inside the house and firefighters quickly worked to rescue all the cats and dogs. At least one cat and one dog had to receive CPR and oxygen, but both are reported to be in stable condition. At least 3 cats are unaccounted for, but after a search of the house, the cats were not believed to have been inside at the time the fire started.

One elderly woman, Anna Bencinich, the mother of Evelyn, was rescued by neighbors who helped her from the burning house.

“There was smoke all over the house. The fire started in the basement and spread to a small portion of the first floor. Two firefighters were injured while fighting the fire and were transported to Erie County Medical Center,” said Division Fire Chief Thomas Ashe who also said that sections of the kitchen wall at the back of the house had to be torn out to stop the fire from spreading through the walls.

One firefighter is being treated for bite injuries to his face that he received while attempting to rescue a dog. The other firefighter was treated for injuries he received to his hand, which was believed to have been caused by glass or a cat scratching him. The names of the injured firefighters are not known. The injuries are said to not be life threatening.

According to witness reports, the home owners had a new water heater installed just last week, but it is not known if the fire was caused by the heater.

“We believe the fire was caused by an electrical (malfunction). An investigation is being conducted,” said Battalion Chief Joe Fahey who also added that they did not believe arson was the cause.

Severe storms impact the northeast U.S.

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017

Wednesday, July 1, 2009

Severe thunderstorms impacted the northeast United States today, producing sporadic power outages and weather conditions ranging from heavy rainfall to large hail. The Storm Prediction Center (SPC) received dozens of damage reports; trees, tree limbs, electrical wires and utility poles were downed throughout portions of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York.

Severe weather advisories were posted during the morning and early afternoon, and are now expiring as the storms pull out of the area.

According to the SPC, hailstones occasionally approached one inch in diameter. Strong winds were also present, and there were reports of dog kennels being blown across a highway in Pope County, Pennsylvania. However, no deaths or injuries occurred.

The National Weather Service said a funnel cloud was reported in Livingston Manor, New York at about 1:55 pm this afternoon, prompting the brief issuance of a tornado warning.

An account of the Esperanza Fire from an animal rescuer

Sunday, April 23rd, 2017
This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.
This article features first-hand journalism by Wikinews members. See the collaboration page for more details.

Saturday, December 2, 2006

As families fled their homes in the early morning hours on Thursday October 26, there was no warning. The Esperanza Fire southeast of Los Angeles and West of Palm Springs, California, had ballooned under the influence of Santa Ana winds to more than 19,000 acres as of the morning of October 27. No time to get the animals, no time for crates or even a leash. Sadly, owners left behind not only their horses, lamas, donkeys, chickens, rabbits, but also their dogs and cats.

Many of the families who did manage to evacuate their pets found themselves in the parking lot at the Fellowship in the Pass Church Red Cross Shelter where a MuttShack Animal Rescue team caught up with them.

Pam Anderson, Director of the emergency Red Cross shelter said that many people with animals had come and left.

The air was thick with smoke, and ash was raining down on the parking lot where dog owners, not able to take their dogs into the shelter were camping out in pup tents and in their cars.

Those who could afford it checked themselves into pet friendly hotels in nearby towns.

Some were prepared. Jane Garner, a small dog breeder was able to get all her animals out, and had set up her puppy runs alongside her RV in the parking lot. Others were not doing too well, having left home without as much as a leash.

The same scenario played out at the Red Cross shelter at Hemet High School. Animals were being boarded in vans, trailers and cars and small travel crates.

When MuttShack Animal Rescue arrived, a small fracas had sent several dogs off in different directions, running out of the school parking lot down busy streets necessitating an instant rescue response.

The Incident Command for the Esperanza Animals, Ramona Humane Society in San Jacinto welcomed MuttShack‘s offer to help at the shelters.

Ramona Humane Society had recently published a notice in their Newsletter about the newly passed “PETS Act” and warned owners not wait until a major disaster such as an earthquake or fire to prepare. “Be proactive to ensure that your pet will be taken care of.”

MuttShack and PetSmart Charities set up ad hoc facilities for the animals at both shelters.

The Red Cross shelter, run by Madison Burtchaell of the Orange County Red Cross was very accommodating about allowing a small emergency pet shelter adjacent to the School.

Barbara A. Fought of PetSmart Charities, an organization that works with animal welfare organizations and provide assistance in disasters, provided crates and emergency supplies.

MuttShack and Red Cross volunteers, Martin St. John, Tom Hamilton, and Steve Meissner helped assemble the crates to secure a safe environment for evacuated pets.

It was a great relief for evacuees who had camped out in the parking lot to finally leave their vehicles and relax at the shelter, setting up their cots to grab some sorely needed rest.

Firefighters and residents reported loss of wildlife and animals. The Esperanza fire burned 34 homes, consumed 40,000 acres and cost five Firefighters their lives before it was contained four days later on October 30. Firefighting operations cost nearly $10 million.

MuttShack Animal Rescue is a 501(c) 3 non-profit organization active in disasters and dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation and care of lost or discarded dogs, cats and other animals.

Navy helping New Orleans pets

Thursday, April 20th, 2017

Saturday, September 17, 2005

The Spanish word “tortuga” means “turtle.” But in the wake of the New Orleans disaster, the USS Tortuga is helping other animals.

For nearly two weeks now, sailors from Tortuga’s repair division have devoted much of their time during this disaster relief operation to ensure the health and comfort of displaced pets.

September 4th, just after the ship moored to a pier at Naval Support Activity (NSA) New Orleans, HT1(SW) Mark Hanley and DC1(SW) Antony Graves gathered materials from the repair shop on board to construct a kennel along the levee. The facility they made soon became a popular shelter for the homeless animals of the storm.

Tortuga’s search and rescue team brought aboard more than 170 displaced citizens during this past week, providing them with food, water, medical aid and a place to sleep.

Tortuga’s makeshift kennel, named ‘Camp Milo & Otis,’ has housed as many as 90 dogs, eight cats, one rabbit, one guinea pig, a pair of parakeets and a flightless pigeon during the past week of operation.

Currently, there are 14 dogs that remain in Tortuga’s care, as many of the other pets have been taken to animal shelters in the area for extra medical attention, or been claimed by their owners upon arrival to Tortuga. The pets that Tortuga has registered have all been in the hands of professional veterinarians assigned to provide expert medical attention to the members of Camp Milo & Otis.

Dr. Kelly Crowdis and Dr. Latina Gambles, both from Tuskegee University and Christian Veterinary Missions, have treated many of the pets for infection, dehydration, malnourishment and broken bones at the Camp during the past week.

“The animals were bathed and assessed before physical interaction with the sailors,” said Dr. Crowdis. “They’ve been given immunizations, antibiotics and medications based on their medical needs.”

Dr. Crowdis added, “What these sailors have done on their own has been such a heart-warming thing. As an animal lover, it is so comforting to know that everyone cares about the animals in addition to the human lives rescued from the storm. I’m very pleased with these guys for taking the initiative to construct this kennel.”

Graves, Hanley and other members of their division have consistently bathed, fed, walked and given special attention to every dog, every day.

“We play with them,” said Hanley. “We take them out of their kennels to give them attention every day. And we’ll continue to do that for as long as our ship’s mission keeps us here.”

September 11th, the Agricultural Center at Louisiana State University donated supplies to “Camp Milo & Otis” in support of Tortuga’s efforts to help the animal victims.

”We got medical supplies, bowls, food, cages, leashes, collars, toys, cat litter and cleaning supplies from these people yesterday,” said Graves. “It’s nice to know that so many people out there have heard about what our ship is doing, and responded by donating so much to support us the best they can.”

A photo gallery of unclaimed pets is on the USS Tortuga’s web site.

As part of disaster plans, the Department of Homeland Security has also deployed Veterinary Medical Assistance Teams to provide medical care to pets and livestock, as well as provide any needed veterinary medical care for search and rescue dogs.

There are over 3,850 animals being sheltered around the state. If someone is looking for a pet they should contact their nearest Humane Society or go online to http://www.petfinder.org// . More information is also available at http://www.vetmed.lsu.edu//.

Faust seeks Murphy disqualification in PA Congressional primary

Thursday, April 20th, 2017

Friday, March 31, 2006

Jane Faust, former Republican committeewoman once convicted of forging signatures, was a plaintiff yesterday in Pennsylvania’s Commonwealth Court (state court). Her lawyer, Larry Otter, argued that Patrick Murphy should be thrown off the ballot for the Democratic primary election in the eighth congressional district of Pennsylvania. The eighth district is primarily located in Bucks County, Pennsylvania.

Otter argued that during the period of election petition signature collection, Murphy had signed his name as the circulator on two petition sheets, but was not present for each signature that was signed on those sheets, and thereby breaking Pennsylvania state law. Pennsylvania law states that whoever signs a petition sheet as a circulator must be present for each signature and see each signature placed on the sheet.

Murphy admitted that he was not at the sheet for every signature, and he agreed that the 96 signatures on those two sheets should be invalidated. He also stated that he was unaware of that particular election statute. Otter argued that the candidacy should be thrown out because when Murphy presented his signatures he was required to sign an affidavit stating he would “not knowingly violate any election law.” It was Otter’s contention to Judge Robert Simpson, Jr., that it is unbelievable that Murphy would not know the law, as Murphy is a lawyer.

“Mr. Murphy is a member of the bar of this court. He can’t say he doesn’t know what the law was. He’s been campaigning over a year,” Otter said. He then continued, arguing that since Murphy knowingly falsified his name on those two circulation petitions, he also failed to fulfill his candidate affidavit, which according to state law is a criminal offense.

The campaign manager for the Murphy campaign, Josh Nanberg, said, “Under Otter’s argument, any candidate who has a meeting and puts a clipboard at the front table and … goes to the bathroom should be thrown out. That’s ridiculous.”